The U&T project is financed by Erasmus +

KA2 - "Cooperation for Innovation and the Exchange of Good Practices Strategic Partnerships for vocational education and training" under the supervision of the European Comission

About the project

Dyslexia (specific impairment regarding reading/writing skills) is an increasing problem affecting children as well as adults (estimated prevalence 8-20%). The long-term effects are higher youth unemployment rates, functional illiteracy, high rate of unfinished vocational trainings. According to the European Dyslexia Association, 8% of the population suffers from dyslexia, although some experts claim that the percentage reaches 20%, of which between 2 and 4% are seriously affected. Dyslexia is a functional illiteracy. According to UNESCO, the number of functional illiterates varies from 10% up to 30% in EU. Today, experts estimate that up to 25 million workers in Europe are affected by this problem. On the other hand, dyslexia in the adulthood means a lifetime of under-achievement, frustration and often unemployment. Today is well known that the long-term effects of dyslexia on education and labour market are enormous, e.g. higher youth unemployment rates (12%). While this is the general situation of the problem, there is still no common frame of recognized curriculum in most EU countries. Experts believe that the problem may be more severe and less known in BG, RO, TR and GR, where the knowledge about methodologies to detect the problem is insufficient.

kid home 1 1There is lack of dyslexia experts and of specific didactic tools in Bulgarian, Romanian and Turkish and Greek. Although several projects within the EU concerning dyslexia have been realized, a general frame toward comparable standards in training is still missing. In this context, the lack of a quality common curriculum in EU is a problem, which leads to different implementations and rather poor results. Particularly in the Balkan countries, teachers and parents are often not able to pick up the symptoms that indicate dyslexia or other learning disorders, which, consequently, are diagnosed very late, or even not being identified and diagnosed as such. Because of this situation, many children are not diagnosed at an early stage or are totally undiagnosed. In this context currently there are no specific teacher training programs or teacher certification programs regarding teaching students with dyslexia. Another problem is the there is no minimum standard required and there is no protection of the profession "dyslexia therapist" in most of EU.

Main aims of the U&T project are:

• Adaptation of the curriculum developed in the frame of project to kindergarten/primary school teachers, providing reliable knowledge on dyslexia as well as physiological (psychologists, psychiatrists) and educational consequences and the barriers faced by dyslexic individuals in accessing education and labour market along with ways of eliminating them.

• Equipping teachers, tutors and others who have a duty of care towards dyslexic students with the ability to teach and support them successfully and efficiently.teach home 1 2

• Creation of a network of stakeholders at local and regional level for raising awareness about dyslexia and other learning disorders, for keeping the attention of decision makers and other relevant institutions about the negative impact of learning disorders on the course of education, training and employment of people.

• Developing an information tools creating active attitude in teachers, managers, state institutions and society supporting dyslexic individuals as regards access to knowledge and latter on to the labour market.


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